The largest living organism (Armillaria ostoyae) covers around 2,385 acres and produces honey mushrooms. It’s not a dinosaur, whale, or giant deep-sea creature its a fungus. Its an underground fungus that most people wouldn’t notice even if it was right beneath their feet. The fungus, Armillaria ostoyae, covers more than 3.4 square miles its around 8.8 square kilometers. It resides in Oregon’s Malheur National Forest and is more than 2,400 years old. It exists as a network of inter joined underground fungus filaments. Every fall its flowers/mushrooms/whatever they’re called rise above the surface in the form of edible honey mushrooms. The most impressive part is the slow growth of just 1 meter per year.
Believe it or not there are actually 8 continents on planet earth. There is North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia, Antarctica, and Zealandia. You might not have heard about Zealandia before because that’s because it wasn’t discovered until very recently. Zealandia is mostly underwater. It consists of New Zealand and part of the pacific Island chain. It was hiding in plain sight the whole time. This continent is right next to Australia and it meets all the criteria of being a continent. 1) elevation, 2) crustal structure, 3) geology and 4) total area and structure limits. Zealandia has all of these. Most people only think of continents as huge land masses above the water but perspective is important and a new continent has been hidden there the whole time.
Don’t approach it because then you’ll stink. It’s pretty much common sense. Leave it alone and it will leave you alone otherwise you’ll reek for days. Many people say that you can take a bath in tomato juice. This works cause otherwise you’ll stink a lot. They are native to north and south america. They are recognized by their white and black stripes. They were formerly known as stink weasels cause they really stink. Not all skunks are white and black however. There are many that are cream colored and brown. If you see one try to avoid it all costs cause you’ll stink for weeks after if they spray you.
Viruses are the smallest organism. There are many living organisms that are very small but non-living organisms are a lot smaller. Alot of biologists consider viruses to be non-living because they lack a cellular structure and cannot metabolize by themselves. They need a host cell to replicate and survive. Because viruses have genetic material and can literally eat their host, they are considered organisms. The smallest viruses in terms of genome size are single-stranded DNA viruses. The most famous one has 5386 nucleotides. However, some viruses can be even smaller. Some can be even as small as 2000 nucleotides.
Climbing mountains is tough. You start at the bottom of a mountain to a cliff and you have to climb to the top. Some climbs are steep others are not but you always have to go up to get to the top. Many people like to hike and climb mountains but the king of them all is Mt. Everest. Mt Everest is the tallest mountain in the world standing at just over 29,000 ft. Many people climb Mt. Everest every year but it is quite dangerous too. Only 4000 people have made it to the top but 300 people have died along the way. The ratio of people have made it to the top versus people that have died trying is 13:1. It’s no joke. Many people plan for this their whole lives and many people get turned back as well. When you reach the top you’re so high you can see the curvature of the earth
Sharks are the apex predators in our oceans and our often considered the “top dogs” in the worlds oceans. There have only been 80 shark attacks this past year with only 6 being fatal. They often attack if they are being provoked or you look like a turtle. Sharks like other carnivores are very useful to the ecosystem keeping game populations down as well as maintaining a healthy ecosystem.
Tips to avoid being bitten:
- Swim in a large group
- Don’t go too far away from shore
- Don’t swim at night, dawn, or dusk
- Don’t enter the water if you have a cut
- Don’t swim in murky water
- Do not try to feed sharks